Transformative Hope – Collective Images of the Future
Abstract: C.R Snyder’s Theory of Hope, on which the process of Transformative Hope is based, reconceptualises Hope as a method through which individuals actively pursue their goals. The applicability of this psychological concept to organisational behaviour is discussed; links to other methods outlined; and a proposal for research is developed
From Optimism to Hope
Abstract: A journey from optimism to hope documents how the optimism/pessimism dichotomy can be overturned to a concept laden with agency. Hope Theory has great applicability to engagement with the future. This piece clarifies the concept of optimism and illustrates why it is not useful in a futures context; it then investigates Hope Theory as a possible successor.
Hope, Entrepreneurship and Foresight
Abstract: Hope Theory is a psychological theory which aims to explain why and how people move from identification of goals to pathways setting and action. Developed by Professor C.R Snyder, it identifies pathways thinking, agentic belief (willways) and goal identification as central to the development of Hope. Research into Hope and Entrepreneurship has shown that successful entrepreneurs demonstrate higher Hope scores than others, and as such can expect many side benefits, from increased social satisfaction to better health outcomes. Both Entrepreneurship and Foresight hold an image or intention as central to the success of their endeavours. Hope Theory can inform both disciplines through its teasing out of pathways and willways thinking and the role these play in goal attainment. The intersection of Hope Theory, entrepreneurship and foresight has many interesting implications for both entrepreneurs and educators.